Inside the Kingdom of Morocco: An Overview

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As I was searching for a Moroccan topic to blog about a news banner came across my screen saying that Moroccan Princess Lalla Salma donated blood recently. In gathering further research on the Kingdom of Morocco I found out that the government is a constitutional monarchy. The Alawi dynasty had originally reigned over Morocco since the 17th century and beginning in the early 20th century European powers sought power in Morocco. Sultan Abd al-Aziz IV cooperated with the Europeans and was overthrown in 1908. Following this upheaval, his brother, Abd al-Hafiz, took the throne but resigned after the kingdom became a French territory in 1912. He was succeeded by his brother Yusuf.

In 1927, Yusuf’s son Mohammed V became sultan and was then overthrown by the French in 1953 and then was returned to his throne in 1955. Morocco became independent the following year and Mohammed took the title of king. He died in 1961, succeeded by his son King Hassan II. Hassan II was able to maintain unity in Morocco and tried to promote peace in the Middle East, but it must be noted that he was accused of human right abuses. Despite everything, he survived many attempts to topple him from his throne and permitted some democratic reforms.

King Hassan died in 1999 and was replaced as monarch by his son, King Mohammed VI. In 2011, the king proposed a new constitution restricting his powers after the people protested. Voters accepted his plan, but some say the changes did not go far enough because the king still retained most of his power. Currently, the king and his wife, Princess Lalla Salma, married in 2002. Their son, Crown Prince Moulay Hassan, was born in 2003, followed by a daughter, Princess Lalla Khadija, in 2007.

As of February 14th the Moroccan government completed their 17th century synagogue restoration project in Fez. This renovation project was accounted in 2011 when the new constitution was adapted. This project was able to receive major funding from Germany totaling $215,000. I think that this project was initiated to enhance tourism, allow Germany an opportunity among the Jewish community, and also help unite the religious cultures in Morocco as that is rich in religious influence.

Sources:

http://www.royalty.nu/Africa/Morocco.html

http://www.greenprophet.com/2013/02/all-moroccan-synagogues-to-be-renovated-says-king-mohammed-vi/

https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/mo.html

 

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3 thoughts on “Inside the Kingdom of Morocco: An Overview

  1. clarkanne12 says:

    This was so great to read! I think in order to connect with a person you have to connect with their country.

    I have a quick question: How were you able to post this on the actual blog? I have a post ready but I can’t figure out how to post it here…Thanks!

  2. jharvey says:

    It seems like Morocco is very interested in establishing itself as a safe place for tourism. Despite its location in North Africa, in the middle of these post-Arab Spring states, it wants to show that it is stable and that it offers an exotic adventure to tourists. Your post mentions France and Germany. I would be interested to find out what the lasting European influence is on Moroccan politics, society, and culture.

  3. Taylor Shippen says:

    It’s interesting that Germany has a stake in Morocco. Is there any Germanic connection beyond an interest in preserving jewish culture?

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